The Home Page is updated when fruit varieties are available to pick or for sale in the salesroom, so please check there. We grow the following varieties of apples, peaches, nectarines, plums, pears and raspberries. Sweet and sour cherries are ready in in early July at the Farmers’ Markets and sometimes at the orchard. Sign up for our newsletter and like us on FaceBook to stay up to date.
Descriptions here are derived from information found in various nursery catalogs, on the website Orangepippin.com, in Joan Morgan's and Alison Richard's The Book of Apples, and in George Stilphin's The Apples of Maine. Each is offered with a hefty dose of personal experience gained by growing these varieties on our farm.
Developed at Rutgers University in New Jersey, USA, in the 1950s. The name "Vista Bella" (beautiful view)comes from the Guatamalan highlands where it is also grown. The flesh is light and juicy, and this apple is very easy and enjoyable to eat. If you have been surviving on old supermarket apples stored from the previous season, then Vista Bella is a revelation, with its full-on taste of the summer. Keep refrigerated as it ripens extremely fast.
Also developed at Rutgers University, the Jerseymac was introduced in 1971. It is a Melba - Julyred cross. It looks similar to McIntosh, but ripens a month earlier. Jerseymac is one of the earliest apples we grow. It means the first fresh apple pie of the season! Once picked the apples should be eaten within a couple of weeks. They should be kept refrigerated.
Found in Michigan in 1960 by Lewis Arends, the Paulared was introduced in 1968. He named the apple after his wife, Pauline. McIntosh type but ripens earlier. Paula Red apples are suitable for both eating fresh and cooking, although they become extremely soft when cooked, which suits them to some dishes (applesauce).
Ginger Gold was discovered as a chance seedling growing near a Golden Delicious orchard in Virginia in the 1960s. It is possibly a cross between a Golden Delicious and a Pippin. The color, shape, and distinctive long stalk all identify it as a relation of Golden Delicious, yet it has a much earlier season - ripening in mid/late August. It is a good keeper and will last several weeks in the fridge. It is equally good for eating fresh or processing. Ginger Gold is generally considered one of the best early-season apples.
This tree serves as an excellent pollinator for other apples. Developed at the University of Minnesota in 1946, the Chesnut crab produces 2" pale yellow crabapples with streaky red blushes and some russeting. Creamy white flesh is fine-grained and crisp, with a sweet, nut-like flavor that is great for fresh eating, cooking or making jams.
The first McIntosh tree was discovered by John McIntosh in Ontario, Canada around 1811. John McIntosh was the son of a Scottish Highland family who had emigrated to New York state. After a family disagreement, John moved to Canada, settling in 1811 in Dundela. The McIntosh apple tree, the only one of several seedlings on his land to survive, eventually lead to Dundela becoming known as McIntosh Corners and a monument now marks the site of the original tree, which survived until 1908. His son, Allan, began widely distributing this variety around 1870. The McIntosh apple was introduced into Maine between 1875 and 1880 and, at first, was not well liked on account of its susceptibility to scab (a fungal disease). In 1885, it was proved both of good quality and hardy in Aroostook County. It also proved to be a good market apple and, by 1910, was being (planted) set in increasing numbers. It eventually became the premier market apple in the state. The hardiness and good bearing qualities of the trees and the excellent quality and good color of the fruit made McIntosh the standard by which all other apples in Maine are judged even to this day. Our apple pies are almost always made with McIntosh apples. It cooks to sauce quickly as well.
USA raised in 1898 in New York as a Ben Davis and McIntosh cross, the Cortland apple was introduced in 1915. It keeps its shape well when cooked, and the white flesh doesn't brown when sliced making it a standout for fruit salads, dipping, or eating with a plate of sharp cheddar cheese. Cortland is another popular variety in Maine. According to many of our customer, Cortlands are the "only" apple to make a pie with.
Empire was developed at Cornell University in New York state in the 1940s, and its parents are classic old North American varieties: Delicious and McIntosh. It is an ideal lunch-box apple, not least because it has the classic shiny redness and does not bruise easily. Although Empire can be stored for a short period, it is best when eaten straight from the tree.
Originally known as Mullins’ Yellow seedling, Golden Delicious was renamed by Missouri apple breeders and distributors, the Stark brothers. Found in 1890, by Anderson Mullins in Clay County, West Virginia, this apple is possibly a seedling from a Grimes Golden tree. It began its rise to fame after Mullins sent fruit to Stark Brothers Nursery in Missouri in April of 1914, telling them of its excellent keeping qualities and heavy crops. Paul Stark was impressed enough to come and inspect the tree which he eventually bought for $5,000. He erected a cage around it to prevent anyone else taking grafts and paid $100 dollars a year for its maintenance. The tree survived until 1958, and was honored with photographs on centennial issue of Clay County bank checks. Golden Delicious keeps its shape when cooked and has a sweet, but very light flavor. It is wonderful both fresh and in salads.
Another New York state variety, the Macoun was introduced in 1923 as a McIntosh - Jersey Black cross. Named after Canadian fruit breeder W.T. Macoun, this apple has a very strong following and is an excellent, extremely crispy, eating apple. We have had people turn around and leave when told we are out of Macouns. Many use Macouns for cooking, but they are excellent fresh eating apples, too.
Most likely found in Skowhegan, ME, before 1880, this apple is named after its grayish hue and distinct pear-like flavor. It is mentioned as being grown by C.A. Marston of Skowhegan in the 1885 Maine Agricultural Yearbook. Just a few miles away, Steve and Marilyn Meyerhans own The Apple Farm (Marilyn is a cousin of the McDougals).There were five or six Gray Pearmain trees in the orchard when Steve and Marilyn purchased it more than 30 years ago from Royal Wentworth, and those trees were already old. Unfortunately they never thought to ask the soft-spoken Wentworth about the apple. Its true origin may remain forever a mystery. These apples keep extremely well; eat them in the fall, winter or spring. They also produce excellent juice.
Thought to be discovered in Middlesex County, Massachussetts in the 1700s, Blue Pearmain is one of New England’s most famous classic varieties. Beautiful medium to very large fruit is covered with a distinct blue bloom. Our number one favorite for baked apples, it also makes excellent pies and tarts. Blue Pearmains cook up to a yellow applesauce in a couple of minutes. This variety has been grown throughout much of Maine for well over 200 years.
The quintessential apple, Red Delicious was developed around 1870 from seedling rootstock, according to W.A. Taylor from the USDA. It arose on the farm of Jesse Hiatt in Peru, Iowa and was first named Hawkeye. In 1895, Stark Brothers Nursery renamed it when C.M. Stark bit into the apple he exclaimed 'My that's delicious - and that's the name for it'. He spent $750,000 advertising what proved to be the ideal commercial variety, producing heavy crops of sweet apples that remained shiny, bright red no matter how long they stood out on display. The original tree was almost killed in winter of 1940, but a shoot grew up from the roots, and still stands protected by a fence. Best for crunching out of hand and in fruit cups and salads. Try a Red Delicious apple right from the tree, we guarantee it’ll beat the supermarket version!
Developed in 1933, Brock is a Golden Delicious- McIntosh cross bred at Highmoor farm, the experimental station for University of Maine cooperative extension. First designated as ME. 7-492, the selection was named Brock after Henry Brock, an apple grower from Alfred, Maine, who tested the variety in cooperation with the University of Maine. Brock was released for public trial in 1966.
Margil is among the oldest of dessert apple varieties grown in England. This apple is one of a select group of varieties with a documented history going back more than 250 years. Although separated by at least 200 years, Margil is similar in flavor to Braeburn, and has no trouble holding its own against modern varieties.
The earliest mention of the Winesap apple was documented in 1917 where it was noted as a popular apple for use in cider production in the state of New Jersey. It is rumored to originally have come over from Europe as a seed but the exact heritage of this apple is currently unknown. In the past it was mainly used as a cider apple which, over time, discouraged growers from planting it since juice apples fetch a lower price at the market when compared to popular fresh eating varieties. However, with the recent resurgence of interest in heirloom varieties and cider blends, Winesaps have been popping up in an increasing number of orchards.
Tolman was one of the first named varieties grown in Maine and is considered one of America’s oldest varieties. No one knows when and where it originated, but some think it may have been a cross between Sweet Greening and a Russet that was found growing in Dorchester, MA well before 1700. For many years it was considered the best winter sweet apple and was said to "stand any degree of cold." This is a fine cooking apple, makes good jelly, an excellent apple for baking, stewing and making cider, and one of the best late sweet apples.
Northern Spy was discovered around 1800 in New York at the seedling orchard of Herman Chapin from seed brought from Salisbury, CT. Introduced in 1840, this apple was already listed as new variety of promise by the American Pomological Society in 1852. In our opinion, Northern Spies make THE BEST apple pie, period. It also keeps well without shriveling and holds its flavor to the last.
This apple was found around 1740 on John Ball's farm in Wilmington Massachussetts. Originally known as “Pecker” or “Woodpecker” because the tree was frequented by the bird, it was renamed in the early 1800's as it became more popular. Colonel Loammi Baldwin was an engineer on the Middlesex Canal and his statue at North Wouburn is wreathed in apples and inscribed 'Disseminator of the apple in honor of him called the Baldwin apple, which proceeds from a tree growing wild about 2 miles north of this monument'. Scions from the original Baldwin tree were brought into Maine by Captain Thomas Coolidge, a son-in-law of Mr. Baldwin in 1872. Baldwin was the leading apple in Maine for many years until a harsh winter in the 1930’s killed the majority of the trees in the state. McIntosh, for its cold-hardiness, became the new favorite. Baldwins store extremely well.
Newtown Pippin is one of the oldest American apple varieties. Well-known in the 18th century, it was probably raised as a seedling by early settlers on Long Island. To get a sense of how unusually old it is, it was introduced from the USA to England in the mid 1750s - making it an old variety even by English standards. Newtown Pippin was popularized by such well-known figures such as Thomas Jefferson and George Washington, and was very much an apple of its time. Newtown Pippin is best regarded as a "winter" apple, it is hard and unappetizing if eaten straight from the tree, instead it should be stored for 1-2 months to fully develop its flavor. Newtown Pippin is a notably versatile apple; excellent for eating fresh, cooking, and for juicing and hard cider.
This highly respected American apple variety is named after the settlement of Esopus in Ulster County, New York, where it was found towards the end of the 18th century. It was rumored to be Thomas Jefferson's favorite apple. It was widely planted in the USA in the 19th century and used for both dessert and culinary purposes, but subsequently fell out of fashion. The apples have an excellent flavor, which improves with storage.
As a small, misshapen green apple discovered in the 1700’s, Ashmead’s Kernels are not especially attractive. Yet appearances can be deceiving, this variety has remained popular for well over 2 centuries. It has a distinctive flavor which is quite different from most other varieties. Ashmead's Kernel is a versatile apple, not just for eating fresh, but also for salads and cooking, and it is a highly-valued apple for juicing and hard cider.
GoldRush is an attractive, smooth-skinned modern dessert apple, specifically developed for scab-resistance. As a relatively new variety we do not have much experience yet, but it appears to be good at most of the things Golden Delicious is good at, such as keeping well and making excellent juice. The variety is derived from Golden Delicious as the seed parent, with crosses from several other research varieties including Winesap, Melrose, Rome Beauty and Malus floribunda - the latter being a well-known source of the Vf scab-resistant gene. We planted our Goldrush in 2015.
A New Yok State Experiment Station introduction and leading cultivar in the Great Lakes region. A fine prune-type plum with excellent quality suited for both home use or processing. Fruit is large in size with a dark blue skin. Flesh is greenish-yellow, juicy and fine grained.
This pear was released by the USDA in 1968 as a very high quality dessert pear. The Magness pear is a soft, juicy dessert pear that keeps extremely well. Introduced by the USDA in 1960's, it was named in honor of Dr. John R. Magness, long-time director of the USDA's apple and pear breeding program.
What is Community Supported Agriculture (CSA)? CSA brings together community members, farmers, and agricultural land in a relationship based on an annual commitment to one another.Read More
Here, at McDougal Orchards, CSA means that you (the community member) pay us (the farmers) a share of the costs associated with growing this year's crop prior to the growing season. In return, we share with you the best we have to offer: a continuous weekly supply of fresh, locally grown, fruit picked at the peak of flavor, from early-August through October.
We currently have 43 varieties of apples, 8 varieties of nectarines, 12 varieties of peaches, 6 varieties of plums and 6 varieties of pears.
In August and September the share will contain a possible mixture of peaches, nectarines, plums, pears and apples. Starting in October the share will most likely consist of apples only, as the stone fruit and pears will have gone by or are picked out.
We reserve the right to limit the amount of shares we sell. No shares will be sold after we open for the season.
Apples, Peaches, Nectarines, Plums and/or Pears. Each week we will choose the most flavorful fruits to go into your share.
For 2017 we have two different sizes of shares.
a 1/2 peck bag which is around 5 pounds of fruit.
$120 per full share if paid before June 1st OR $140 after June 1st.
a 1/4 peck bag which is around 2.5 pounds of fruit.
$65 per 1/2 share if paid in full before June 1st or $75 after June 1st.
Every Friday your share will be ready for pick up at the farm after 10:00am OR
you can pick it up on Saturdays at the Sanford Farmers' Market, Central Park, 8:00am to Noon.
Each share member will receive a card that will get them a 10% discount on any extra fruit (already picked or pick-your-own), donuts or cider at the orchard only.
If you are paying full price payment is due in full at the first pick up date.
The Share Program will run for 12 weeks.
Tentative dates early/mid August through the end of October.
We'll remind you each week via the CSA E-Newsletter including what fruits you will find in your bag. If you cannot make a pick up time, we ask that you make other arrangements with us in advance. Monday morning any remaining shares will be donated to a local food pantry.
The success (or failure) of our crop hinges on the weather. Frost, hail, dry or wet conditions are a few of the weather events that can affect the outcome of the crop. Weather related events are beyond our control.
We will notify you in advance if anything affects our crops. We will make an effort to fulfill your share even in the case of a crop failure.
I have set up a Google Docs form for you to fill out if you want to purchase a Mixed Fruit Share. Once we receive payment your share is locked in. We reserve the right to limit shares. We want to make sure that all of our customers have access to our stone fruits.